The bears are coming out of hibernation in Yellowstone, which means folks need to be bear-aware while hiking or walking in the back-country. Always carry bear spray and learn other tips to stay safe in bear country here: Be Bear Aware
Enjoy this video of a grizzly, who appears a little groggy from his long winter's nap. =]:)
Happy Birthday Yellowstone!
On this day, March 1st in 1872, Yellowstone National Park was born. Well, okay, not really born because it was already there, but the area was designated as a park and forever protected. In honor of Yellowstone's 145th birthday, I have included a few photos from the past on my Google Plus post. I hope you enjoy them! https://goo.gl/bWKfme
The park was established by the U.S. Congress and signed into law by President Ulysses S. Grant on March 1, 1872. Yellowstone, widely held to be the first national park in the world, is known for its wildlife and its many geothermal features, especially Old Faithful Geyser, one of the most popular features in the park. It has many types of ecosystems, but the subalpine forest is most abundant. It is part of the South Central Rockies forests ecoregion. Native Americans have lived in the Yellowstone region for at least 11,000 years. The region was bypassed during the Lewis and Clark Expedition in the early 19th century. Aside from visits by mountain men during the early-to-mid-19th century, organized exploration did not begin until the late 1860s. The U.S. Army was commissioned to oversee the park just after its establishment. In 1917, administration of the park was transferred to the National Park Service, which had been created the previous year. Hundreds of structures have been built and are protected for their architectural and historical significance, and researchers have examined more than 1,000 archaeological sites.
Yellowstone National Park spans an area of 3,468.4 square miles (8,983 km2), comprising lakes, canyons, rivers and mountain ranges. Yellowstone Lake is one of the largest high-altitude lakes in North America and is centered over the Yellowstone Caldera, the largest supervolcano on the continent. The caldera is considered an active volcano. It has erupted with tremendous force several times in the last two million years. Half of the world's geothermal features are in Yellowstone, fueled by this ongoing volcanism. Lava flows and rocks from volcanic eruptions cover most of the land area of Yellowstone. The park is the centerpiece of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, the largest remaining nearly-intact ecosystem in the Earth's northern temperate zone. http://goo.gl/1OQFVj
And so, my hats off to you Yellowstone and happy birthday! Thank you for all the wonderful years I've spent with you and for all the memories. Here's to many, many more. Cheers! =]:)
Happy birthday Grand Teton Park
Grand Teton National Park is located in northwestern Wyoming. At about 310,000 acres (480 sq mi), the park includes the major peaks of the 40-mile-long Teton Range as well as most of the northern sections of the valley known as Jackson Hole. The park is only 10 miles south of Yellowstone, connected by the National Park Service managed John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway.
Efforts to preserve the region as a national park commenced in the late 19th century, and in 1929 Grand Teton National Park was established, protecting the major peaks of the Teton Range. The valley of Jackson Hole remained in private ownership until the 1930s, when conservationists led by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. began purchasing land in Jackson Hole to be added to the existing national park. Against public opinion and with repeated Congressional efforts to repeal the measures, much of Jackson Hole was set aside for protection as Jackson Hole National Monument in 1943. The monument was abolished in 1950 and most of the monument land was added to Grand Teton National Park.
The park takes its name from the largest of the peaks, the Grand Teton. But where did that get its name? The naming is attributed to early 19th-century French-speaking trappers who called the range, les trois tétons (the three teats) and was later anglicized and shortened to Tetons. Grand Teton towers more than 7,000 feet above Jackson Hole, almost 850 feet higher than Mount Owen, the second-highest summit in the range.
Even though the Grand Teton National Park is smaller than Yellowstone, there is much to see and do. There are over 200 miles of trails, many lakes, including 15-mile-long Jackson Lake. There are numerous streams of varying length and the upper main stem of the Snake River. A dozen small glaciers persist at the higher elevations near the highest peaks in the range. Some of the rocks in the park are the oldest found in any U.S. National Park and have been dated at nearly 2.7 billion years. Wow!
Grand Teton National Park is an almost pristine ecosystem and the same species of flora and fauna that have existed since prehistoric times can still be found here. Dozens of species of mammals, more than 1,000 species of vascular plants, 300 species of birds, more than a dozen fish species and a few species of reptiles and amphibians call this home. Due to various changes in the ecosystem, some of them human-induced, efforts have been made to provide enhanced protection to some species of native fish and the increasingly threatened whitebark pine.
If you enjoy mountaineering, hiking, fishing, camping rafting, and just getting away from it all in a serene and beautiful setting, the the Tetons are calling you. Happy birthday Grand Teton National Park. And many, many more! =]:)
Here's a link to a short photo album of some other Teton photos I've taken: https://goo.gl/photos/Q31guG1k4NfZWXtw8
Artist Grafton Tyler Brown
Grafton Tyler Brown was an American painter, lithographer and cartographer. He was the first African American artist to create artwork of the Pacific Northwest, California and also, Yellowstone.
He was born in 1841 in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. His father, a freedman, was involved in the abolitionist movement. Grafton Tyler Brown worked for a printer in Philadelphia when he was just fourteen years old and learned the skill of lithography. Brown moved to San Francisco in the 1860s and he worked as a lithographer before becoming known as a painter in the 1880s.
He worked at Kuchel & Dressel in San Francisco from 1861–1867. In 1867 he opened his own firm and in 1878 he created The Illustrated History of San Francisco, which consisted of 72 topographical images of the city. He sold his company the following year.
He left the Bay Area in 1882 and moved to Victoria, British Columbia where he participated in the Amos Bowman Geological Survey. While in the survey, he served as a draftsman and documented the Cascade Mountains. In 1884 he moved back to the United States and traveled throughout the northwest and west, painting sites he visited like Mt. Rainier. He lived in Portland, Oregon, painting landscapes and also traveling to Yosemite to paint.
He visited Yellowstone in 1885 painting many of the areas beautiful landmarks and scenery. He made 28 of his park views available through a promotional brochure. You can see his View of the Lower Falls, Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone at the following link. It hangs at the Smithsonian American Art Museum. It's my favorite: https://goo.gl/QeL68X
In 1893, Brown moved to Saint Paul, Minnesota. In St. Paul he worked again as a draftsman, this time for the United States Army Corps of Engineers and for the city of St. Paul's engineering department. He died in St. Peter, Minnesota in 1918.
The Famous Beehive Geyser
Beehive Geyser is located in the Upper Geyser Basin of Yellowstone National Park. The 4-foot tall cone looks like a beehive.
The eruptions of Beehive Geyser last around 5 minutes and are about 200 feet high. The fountain of water stays at its full height for the duration of the eruption, dropping just slightly near the end.
Roaring steam at the end of the eruption can be heard a quarter-mile away. The time between eruptions ranges from 16-18 hours to one day during the summer. Winter eruptions are very erratic. Enjoy this video of Beehive erupting this winter, just a few days ago in fact. =]:)
Happy birthday Thomas Moran
Thomas Moran was born 180 years ago today in Bolton, Lancashire in England. At 7 years of age, he and his Mother and siblings immigrated to America to join his father in Philadelphia.
Stating when he was 16, and throughout his life, Moran established himself as a well respected painter, engraver and illustrator. He produced artwork for several publications, but it was when he was doing work for Scribner's Magazine that he heard of the Hayden Expedition in 1871 and he joined it at his own expense.
The expedition set out to survey the Missouri and Yellowstone Rivers, which was soon to become the first national park, Yellowstone. Thomas Moran was joined by a team of artists and they sketched, drew and painted many of Yellowstone's geological features and landscapes. In fact, their artwork was used to convince the United States Congress to establish Yellowstone as a national park.
Because of his many years sketching and working in this area, he became known as Thomas "Yellowstone" Moran. He and his artwork and William Henry Jackson's photographs, captured the nation's attention and forever linked him with the area.
Here is a link if you'd like to learn more. His diary from the Hayden Expedition has been photocopied so you can read it right on the website. Pretty cool! =]:)